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SPDK and Containers

This is a living document as there are many ways to use containers with SPDK. As new usages are identified and tested, they will be documented here.

In this document

Containerizing an SPDK Application for Docker

There are no SPDK specific changes needed to run an SPDK based application in a docker container, however this quick start guide should help you as you containerize your SPDK based application.

  1. Make sure you have all of your app dependencies identified and included in your Dockerfile
  2. Make sure you have compiled your application for the target arch
  3. Make sure your host has hugepages enabled
  4. Make sure your host has bound your nvme device to your userspace driver
  5. Write your Dockerfile. The following is a simple Dockerfile to containerize the nvme hello_world example:
# start with the latest Fedora
FROM fedora
# if you are behind a proxy, set that up now
ADD dnf.conf /etc/dnf/dnf.conf
# these are the min dependencies for the hello_world app
RUN dnf install libaio-devel -y
RUN dnf install numactl-devel -y
# set our working dir
# add the hello_world binary
ADD hello_world hello_world
# run the app
CMD ./hello_world
  1. Create your image

sudo docker image build -t hello:1.0 .

  1. You docker command line will need to include at least the following:
  • the --privileged flag to enable sharing of hugepages
  • use of the -v switch to map hugepages

sudo docker run --privileged -v /dev/hugepages:/dev/hugepages hello:1.0

or depending on the needs of your app you may need one or more of the following parameters:

  • If you are using the SPDK app framework: -v /dev/shm:/dev/shm
  • If you need to use RPCs from outside of the container: -v /var/tmp:/var/tmp
  • If you need to use the host network (i.e. NVMF target application): --network host

Your output should look something like this:

$ sudo docker run --privileged -v //dev//hugepages://dev//hugepages hello:1.0
Starting SPDK v20.01-pre git sha1 80da95481 // DPDK 19.11.0 initialization...
[ DPDK EAL parameters: hello_world -c 0x1 --log-level=lib.eal:6 --log-level=lib.cryptodev:5 --log-level=user1:6 --iova-mode=pa
--base-virtaddr=0x200000000000 --match-allocations --file-prefix=spdk0 --proc-type=auto ]
EAL: No available hugepages reported in hugepages-1048576kB
Initializing NVMe Controllers
Attaching to 0000:06:00.0
Attached to 0000:06:00.0
Using controller INTEL SSDPEDMD400G4 (CVFT7203005M400LGN ) with 1 namespaces.
Namespace ID: 1 size: 400GB
Initialization complete.
INFO: using host memory buffer for IO
Hello world!

SPDK Docker suite

When considering how to generate SPDK docker container images formally, deploy SPDK containers correctly, interact with SPDK container instances, and orchestrate SPDK container instances, you can get practiced and inspired from this SPDK docker-compose example: SPDK Docker suite.

Using SPDK vhost target to provide volume service to Kata Containers and Docker

Kata Containers can build a secure container runtime with lightweight virtual machines that feel and perform like containers, but provide stronger workload isolation using hardware virtualization technology as a second layer of defense.

From Kata Containers 1.11.0, vhost-user-blk support is enabled in kata-containers/runtime. That is to say SPDK vhost target can be used to provide volume service to Kata Containers directly. In addition, a container manager like Docker, can be configured easily to launch a Kata container with an SPDK vhost-user block device. For operating details, visit Kata containers use-case Setup to run SPDK vhost-user devices with Kata Containers and Docker